Absorber modeling for NGCC carbon capture with aqueous piperazine

by Zhang, Y; Freeman, B; Hao, P; Rochelle, GT

Faraday Discussions; Published: 2016; Volume: 192; Pages: 459-477; DOI: 10.1039/c6fd00030d

A hybrid system combining amine scrubbing with membrane technology for carbon capture from natural gas combined cycle ( NGCC) power plants is proposed in this paper. In this process, the CO2 in the flue gas can be enriched from 4% to 18% by the membrane, and the amine scrubbing system will have lower capture costs. Aqueous piperazine ( PZ) is chosen as the solvent. Different direct contact cooler ( DCC) options, multiple absorber operating conditions, optimal intercooling designs, and different cooling options have been evaluated across a wide range of inlet CO2. Amine scrubbing without DCC is a superior design for NGCC carbon capture. Pump-around cooling at the bottom of the absorber can effectively manage the temperature of the hot flue gas, and still be effective for CO2 absorption. The absorber gas inlet must be designed to avoid excessive localized temperature and solvent evaporation. When the inlet CO2 increases from 4% to 18%, total absorber CAPEX decreases by 60%; another 10% of the total absorber CAPEX can be saved by eliminating the DCC. In-and-out intercooling works well for high CO2, while pump-around intercooling is more effective for low CO2. Dry cooling requires more packing and energy but appears to be technically and economically feasible if cooling water availability is limited.

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