A review on wall slip in high solid dispersionsby Cloitre, M; Bonnecaze, RT
High solid dispersions are soft materials made of colloidal or non-colloidal particles dispersed at high volume fractions in a liquid matrix. They include hard sphere glasses, colloidal pastes, concentrated emulsions, foams, and vesicles. These materials are prone to exhibit different kinds of flow heterogeneities: shear banding, wall slip, and fracture. While wall slip is often considered as a nuisance by experimentalists, it appears to be a fundamental component to the way that high solid dispersions respond to mechanical deformation. Moreover, the ability of soft materials to slip onto surfaces allows them to move readily and efficiently in many natural phenomena and industrial processes. This review surveys recent developments and current research in the field. Topics like wall slip detection and control, microscopic modeling for rigid and soft particles materials, and the relation between wall slip and other flow heterogeneities are discussed. We also identify important open issues for future research.