Thermodynamic and Mass-Transfer Modeling of Carbon Dioxide Absorption into Aqueous 2-Amino-2-Methyl-1-Propanol

by Sherman, BJ; Rochelle, GT

INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH; Volume: 56; Issue: 1; Pages: 319-330; DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.6b03009; Published: JAN 11 2017

Explanations for the mass-transfer behavior of 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol (AMP) are conflicting, despite extensive study of the amine for CO2 capture. At equilibrium, aqueous AMP reacts with CO2 to give bicarbonate in a 1:1 ratio. Although this is the same stoichiometry as a tertiary airline, the reaction rate of AMP is 100 times faster. This work aims to explain the mass-transfer behavior of AMP, specifically the stoichiometry and kinetics. An eNRTL thermodynamic model was: used to regress wetted-wall column mass-transfer data with two activity-based reactions: formation of carbamate and formation of bicarbonate. Data spanned 40-100 degrees C and 0.15-0.60 mol CO2/mol alk. The fitted carbamate rate Constant is 3 orders of magnitude greater than the bicarbonate rate constant. Rapid carbamate formation explains the kinetics, while the stoichiometry is explained by the carbamate reverting in the bulk liquid to allow CO2 to form bicarbonate. Understanding the role of carbamate formation and diffusion in hindered amines enables optimization of the solvent amine concentration by balancing viscosity and free amine concentration. This improves absorber design for CO2 capture.

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