K+ Reduces Lithium Dendrite Growth by Forming a Thin, Less-Resistive Solid Electrolyte Interphase

by Wood, SM; Pham, CH; Rodriguez, R; Nathan, SS; Dolocan, AD; Celio, H; de Souza, JP; Klavetter, KC; Heller, A; Mullins, CB

ACS Energy Letters; AUG 2016; Volume: 1; Issue: 2; Pages: 414-419; DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00259

Adding 10 mM KPF6 to the 1 M LiPF6 in ethylene carbonate/dimethyl carbonate electrolyte of symmetrical Li vertical bar Li cells eliminated the growth of dendrites at 0.5 mA cm(-2) current density and massively reduced, but did not eliminate, the growth of dendrites at 2.5 mA cm-(2.) The added KPF6 increased the fraction of inorganic salts in the solid electrolyte interface, making it thinner and more Li+ conductive. It overcame the growth of dendrites resulting from inadequate nucleation density but not dendrite growth into the depletion layer, which scales with the layer’s thickness, i.e., the current density.


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