Understanding the effect of partial N3–to-O2- substitution and H+-to-K+ exchange on photocatalytic water reduction activity of Ruddlesden-Popper layered perovskite KLaTiO4

by Kawashima, K; Hojamberdiev, M; Chen, SS; Yubuta, K; Wagata, H; Domen, K; Teshima, K

Journal of Molecular Catalysis; May 2017; Volume: 432; Pages: 250-258; DOI: 10.1016/j.mcat.2017.01.004

Ruddlesden-Popper perovskites, HLaTiO4 and HLaTiO4-xNx were prepared by proton exchange of layered KLaTiO4 synthesized by a solid-state reaction and KLaTiO4-xNx obtained by nitridation, respectively. The influence of nitridation time on crystal structure, morphology, and absorption wavelength and optical band-gap energy of KLaTiO4 crystals was studied. According to the XRD and SEM results, the crystal structure and plate-like morphology of the parent oxide were roughly retained even after nitridation at 800 degrees C for 10 h. The absorption edge wavelength of the KLaTiO4 crystals was found to be at about 350 nm (E-g = 3.54 eV), while the absorption edge wavelength of the KLaTiO4-xNx crystals (after 10 h nitridation) was about 586 nm (E-g = 2.12 eV). To investigate the effect of partial N3–to-O(2-)substitution and H+-to-K+ exchange on photocatalytic water reduction activity of Ruddlesden-Popper layered perovskite KLaTiO4, the photocatalytic activity for water reduction half-reaction over Pt-photodeposited KLaTiO4, KLaTiO4-xNx, HLaTiO4, and HLaTiO4-xNx was evaluated under simulated solar light. Among all the samples, Pt-photodeposited KLaTiO4 exhibited the highest photocatalytic activity for H-2 evolution. In contrast, Pt-photodeposited KLaTiO4-xNx showed a low photostability and photocatalytic activity for H-2 evolution due to the negative impact of the defective layer and reduced titanium species. In addition, perovskite oxynitride [LaTiO4-xNx](-)nanosheets were successfully fabricated by a mechanical exfoliation (sonication) of the KLaTiO4-xNx crystals. The colloidal suspension of the oxynitride nanosheets showed a Tyndall effect, implying their good dispersion and stability in water

 

 

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