Energy Performance of Advanced Reboiled and Flash Stripper Configurations for CO2 Capture Using Monoethanolamineby Rezazadeh, Fatemeh; Gale, William F.; Lin, Yu-Jeng; Rochelle, Gary T.
CO2 capture by absorption using amine solvents has the potential to significantly reduce the CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel power plants. One of the major costs of this technology is the energy required for solvent regeneration. Complex process configurations claim to have promising potential to reduce the energy required for solvent regeneration. In this work, the effect of flow-sheet complexity is explored by studying two advanced stripping flow sheets: an advanced flash stripper and an advanced reboiled stripper. Both advanced configurations recover the stripping steam heat by means of a heat integration comprised of cold- and warm-rich solvent bypasses. The advanced configurations are simulated and optimized in Aspen Plus V.8.4 using 7 m monoethanolamine (MEA) with lean loading from 0.15 to 0.38 (mol CO2/mol MEA). The rich loading associated with each lean loading is determined by simulating the absorber providing 90% capture from flue gas with 4 mol % CO2, typical of a natural gas-fired turbine. The results are compared to a simple stripper in terms of total equivalent work. Both the advanced reboiled stripper and the advanced flash stripper require 12% less equivalent work than a simple stripper. The associated cold-rich and warm-rich bypasses for the optimum cases are, respectively, 20% and 50% for the advanced reboiled stripper and 15% and 35% for the advanced flash stripper.