Dopant Mediated Assembly of Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanorods into Atomically Coupled 2D Sheets in Solution

by Singh, A; Singh, A; Ong, GK; Jones, MR; Nordlund, D; Bustillo, K; Ciston, J; Alivisatos, AP; Milliron, DJ

Journal of Nano Letters; Jun 2017; Volume: 17; Issue: 6; Pages: 3421-3428; DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b00232

Assembly of anisotropic nanocrystals into ordered superstructures is an area of intense research interest due to its relevance to bring nanocrystal properties to macroscopic length scales and to impart additional collective properties owing to the superstructure. Numerous routes have been explored to assemble such nanocrystal superstructures ranging from self-directed to external field-directed methods. Most of the approaches require sensitive control of experimental parameters that are largely environmental and require extra processing steps, increasing complexity and limiting reproducibility. Here, we demonstrate a simple approach to assemble colloidal nanorods in situ, wherein dopant incorporation during the particle synthesis results in the formation of preassembled 2D sheets of close-packed ordered arrays of vertically oriented nanorods in solution.

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